Again he says in his commentary on Deutronomy that Moses brought forth water from “rock” (Kepha) for the people and Jesus sent Simon Kepha to carry his teachings among nations. Our Lord accepted him and made him the foundation of the Church and called him Kepha. When he speaks about transfiguration of Christ he calls him Simon Peter, the foundation of the Church.
Ephrem also shared the same view. In a Hymn on Peter he writes:
“Blessed are you Simon KephaWho holds the keys which the Spirit forgesGreat is the word and ineffableThat could stand bind and loose above and belowBlessed are thou who wert as the headAnd as the tounge of the body of brotherenThrough Simon was heard the Revelation from the FatherThrough the Rock unshakable”(De Virginitate15.6,7)
In Armenian version of De Virginitate records Peter the Rock shunned honour Who was the head of the Apostles,
In a MEMRA of Efrem found in Holy Week Liturgy points to the importance of Peter:
“The Simon, my disciple, have I set as foundation of the Holy Church,I called thee Kepha that thou mightest bear all buildingsThou art the overseer (baharo) of those who build for me the Church on earth
If they build anything hateful the foundation restrains themThou art the foundation-head of my disciplesBy thee I will give drink to all nations thou hast the sweetness of life which I will giveI have given thee keys of my kingdomBehold. Thou rulest over all my possession.”
Both Afrahat and Ephrem represent the authentic tradition of the Syrian Church. The different orders of liturgies used for sanctification of Church building, marriage, ordination etc. reveal that the primacy of Peter is a part of living faith of the Church...
It has been conclusively made clear that the modern Biblical scholarship supports the authentic Syriac tradition concerning the role of Peter.
(Originally posted here.)